Tunneling Rules of Thumb: Survey and Alignment Control

September 18, 2018 Keivan Rafie

In the August-September issue of Tunnels and Tunneling, Stantec's Keivan Rafie looks at survey and alignment control, and in particular their use with TBM excavations.

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About the Author

Keivan Rafie

Keivan Rafie’s engineering expertise is in tunneling, mining, and ground-improvement projects. For the last 15 years, he’s worked across the globe in Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and North America. Keivan’s knowledge and experience go deep with tunneling methods, such as drill and blast, NATM, and TBM, and he is involved in all stages from design to manufacturing and construction.

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