Tunneling Rules of Thumb: Dry Shotcrete

June 6, 2018 Keivan Rafie

In this Tunnels and Tunneling column, Stantec's Keivan Rafie compares and contrasts dry shotcrete with its wet counterpart, and reviews its operation and equipment.


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About the Author

Keivan Rafie

Keivan Rafie’s engineering expertise is in tunneling, mining, and ground-improvement projects. For the last 15 years, he’s worked across the globe in Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and North America. Keivan’s knowledge and experience go deep with tunneling methods, such as drill and blast, NATM, and TBM, and he is involved in all stages from design to manufacturing and construction.

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