Tunneling Rules of Thumb: Ventilation

December 1, 2016 Keivan Rafie

In this Tunnels and Tunneling column, Stantec's Keivan Rafie highlights the basic requirements of ventilation for tunnels in operation and under construction


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About the Author

Keivan Rafie

Keivan Rafie’s engineering expertise is in tunneling, mining, and ground-improvement projects. For the last 15 years, he’s worked across the globe in Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and North America. Keivan’s knowledge and experience go deep with tunneling methods, such as drill and blast, NATM, and TBM, and he is involved in all stages from design to manufacturing and construction.

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